Networking and research
Fire safety research
IFAB has been very active in fire safety research. Currently IFAB is a sub-contractor of the consortum (BAM, FOGTEC and STUVA) in the research project SUVEREN (Safety of City Underground Structures due to the use of New Energy Carriers). The project studies fire safety of underground traffic infrastructure with new energy carriers. IFAB is responsible for the execution of a series of large scale fire tests with Lithium Ion battery packs and gaseous fuels.
SOLIT2 (Safety Of Life In Tunnels) is another example for a major European research project where IFAB was deeply involved. IFAB planned and realised large scale fire tests together with the Institut der Feuerwehr (IdF) Heyrothsberge. This project was the largest research project with tunnel full scale fire tests. The SOLIT2 test program included over 40 full scale fire tests in combination with fixed fire-fighting systems and ventilation. The aim of the project was to quantify how fixed fire-fighting systems are able to compensate the design parameters of other safety systems such as passive protection or ventilation in tunnels. More infomation is found on www.SOLIT.info. UPTUN and SOLIT1 are other well-known underground research projects where IFAB or its key personnel have had a major role.
IFAB also has carried out multiple full scale fire tests for private organisations like tunnel operators (ATMB) of the Mont-Blanc tunnel, who financed extensive comparison fire tests in full scale with Deluge, low-pressure water mist and high pressure water mist.
Although the largest research projects have typically been connected to road or rail tunnels, IFAB has also been involved in a number of smaller projects. Those often were linked to some fire hazards such as dust explosions or fire fertilizers.
IFAB’s international co-operation network covers numerous major fire safety research organisations and approval bodies. IFAB and its key personnel also work on various standardisation committees such as EN/DIN and NFPA. A list of the different co-operation partners, standards committees with IFAB personnel and approval bodies (IFAB tests meet their testing requirements) is given below.
– National Fire Protection Association (NFPA750, NFPA502, NFPA130), www.nfpa.org
– European Norms (EN45545), www.cen.eu
– VdS Schadenverhütung GmbH, www.vds.de
– TÜV SÜD Rail GmbH, https://www.tuvsud.com/en-gb/industries/infrastructure-and-rail/rail
– TÜV NORD GmbH, www.tuev-nord.de/de
– STUVA, Studiengesellschaft für unterirdische Verkehrsanlagen e.V., www.stuva.de
– International Water Mist Association, IWMA, www.iwma.net
– ITA-COSUF, Committee on Operational Safety of Underground Facilities, www.ita-aites.org/wg-committees/committees/ita-cosuf